Radiomics: how artificial intelligence is helping to diagnose

Naples, Italy , 11/28/2018

Artificial intelligence and big data applied to medicine and to diagnostic imaging in order to predict the development of diseases and pinpoint the most effective therapies for every patient: to discuss this new scientific frontier, the Italian Diagnostics Center organized the convention “Radiomics: the future is here” on 19 November in Naples, at the Città della Scienza (City of Science). Some of the foremost experts in radiomics, from both Italy and abroad, participated in the event on this discipline which combines the use of artificial intelligence and the study of a person’s genetic characteristics in the sphere of diagnostics.

Among the topics presented at the convention, a version of which was also held in Milan, were a study by the Italian Diagnostics Center which enabled the development of: a new model to understand which patients affected by acoustic neuroma, a benign tumor, may benefit from radiosurgery treatment; a way to predict the malignancy and level of aggressiveness of a prostate tumor, even before a biopsy is performed; new parameters and tools to predict the duration of orthopedic prostheses and the onset of inflammation that could require their replacement.

Thanks to radiomics, today this information may be identified and utilized as predictive instruments for many pathologies and, through personalized medicine, may be treated with custom, tailored, therapies based on each patient’s individual genetic characteristics. “This innovation, however, requires a major change in the university education,” states Professor Giuseppe Scotti, neuroradiologist at the Italian Diagnostics Center and scientific coordinator of the convention, “with a greater focus on mathematics and statistics, and the ability to interact with other professionals, such as IT technicians, engineers, physicists, and mathematicians.

The advent of artificial intelligence, machine learning and deep learning opens the path towards a new interpretation of the radiologist. An ever increasing focus on the data, rather than on the diagnostic image, is emerging, and on the quantifiable information gathered by big data – the supercomputers capable of simultaneously analyzing a large amount of data and algorithms. The radiologist acts as a “hinge” in this new system of analyses, between the doctors with other specializations and new, increasingly automated systems, driven by complex algorithms which deliver integrated diagnostic information, along with prognostic and therapeutic implications which require the doctors’ comprehension in order to manage the health of their patients.

Also at the Città della Scienza in Naples, The Beauty of Imaging – the exhibition sponsored by the Bracco Group – is open until 6 January 2019. It revisits the history of diagnostic imaging through its milestones: from Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, the discoverer of X-rays, to radiomics.

Radiomics: how artificial intelligence is helping to diagnose
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